What is Parsley?
Parsley (Petroselinum hortense and Petroselinum crispum) is an herb that originated in the Mediterranean region of southern Italy, Algeria, and Tunisia. It is used as an herb, a green leafy vegetable, and as a spice in its fresh and dried form. Actually, both the leaf and the root are used in Mediterranean and European cuisines. It is consumed in many different ways, including garnishing, salads, stocks, and sandwiches. The leaf is further divided into two more types: curly leaf and flat leaf.
Parsley, a predominantly tropical plant, needs moisture and ample sunlight to grow. The root form is a new addition, which only began to be cultivated about 300 years ago, and was first grown in Hamburg, Germany. Nowadays, root parsley is steadily becoming more popular.
The most powerful health benefits of parsley include controlling cancer, managing diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis, along with helping prevent osteoporosis. Furthermore, it acts as a pain reliever with anti-inflammatory properties. It also provides relief from gastrointestinal issues such as indigestion, stomach cramps, bloating, and nausea, while helping strengthen the immune system.
Parsley can be found throughout the year on the market. It is also a highly nutritious plant and has ample vitamins and antioxidants, which can greatly improve our health. Parsley contains many nutrients which includes Potassium, vitamin A, C and B6, calcium, magnesium and iron. They have many health benefits which includes skin care, prevents cancer risk, aids in digestion, strengthens bones among others.
History Of Parsley
Parsley has been cultivated by man for more than 2,000 years and was highly regarded in Greek culture since it was used in various ceremonies. The Romans also used it in many ways. Pliny the Elder, a 1st century AD historian, wrote that it was consumed by people from all walks of life. At first, it was used only as a medicinal plant, but later on, it was consumed as a food. There are many myths and fables associated with the origin and growth of this plant in many Mediterranean and European cultures. The Greeks believed that it had sprung up from the blood of the fallen Greek hero Archemorus. Thus, Greeks started associating it with death and destruction. But in the Middle Ages, parsley was included in folklore medicines and it slowly gained popularity. This is possibly how the image of parsley as a health herb developed.
Types Of Parsley
Three types, broadly speaking.
Curled leaf – Also called common parsley, this type of parsley is the most common. It is often used as a garnish in soups, stews, and other dishes.
Flat leaf – Also called Italian parsley, it has more flavor than curled leaf parsley. It is also used in stews and soups and even in salads and sauces.
Hamburg – Also called turnip-rooted or German parsley, is a lesser-known variety. It is used not for its leaves but its turnip-like root, which is roasted or fried or chopped up to be added to soups or stews.
Difference Between Coriander And Parsley
What is Parsley?
Parsley is a leafy plant from the family Apiaceae which known in the scientific terms as Petroselinum crispum. The leaves are bright green in color, which is used as spices in food preparation. The product is widely used in the Middle Eastern region and America with the aim of adding flavor and making food to be attractive.
What is Coriander?
Coriander is a leafy product that is used as an ingredient in food preparation in various parts of the world. The use of coriander is adding flavor to dishes by the use of its pungent and fresh leaves. It is important to note that coriander leaves and crushed seeds can be added to food when cooking or add them when food is ready because they will offer the same service.
Differences Between Parsley and Coriander
Nutritional Value in Parsley and Coriander
Despite the significant similarity between the two leaves, one of the main difference between parsley and coriander is the nutritional composition. Parsley is highly known to contain vitamins K, C, and A. Moreover; flavonoid, apigenin, and luteolin are found in parsley at a greater percentage. On the other hand, coriander leaves and seeds are known to contain specific vitamins similar to parsley but are low in composition. However, coriander leaves and seeds have a modest composition of minerals and high composition of dietary fiber.
Uses of Parsley and Coriander
The second notable difference between parsley and coriander is how both coriander and parsley are used. In parsley, both leaves and roots are used during the preparation of food dishes to add flavor and as garnish. Green parsley leaves are chopped and sprinkled on top of food products to add flavor, especially when the food is still hot. Parsley roots are used to prepare soups and stews while at the same time being used as a snack or vegetable. For coriander, the flavor is used in various dishes and in the production of flavored tea. Moreover, the seeds are roasted and crushed to prepare curry powder, which is used in adding flavor in food.
Health Effects and Side Effects in Parsley and Coriander
Despite both coriander and parsley being sources of vitamins and various nutrients, they have some effects on the health of individuals, which is exhibited in different terms. Different research studies have shown that parsley does not cause allergic reactions. However, studies indicate that excessive consumption of parsley is likely to cause uterotonic effects, which causes it to be barred or avoided by pregnant women. On the other hand, coriander causes allergic reactions and health side effects to a significant number of people. This explains why some people do not use coriander or experience heartburns after consuming food flavored with coriander.
Edible Parts of the Plant of Parsley and Coriander
It is worth noting that edible parts differ between coriander and parsley. Moreover, there are significant differences between parsley and coriander seeds. Parsley seeds are oval in shape and provide sufficient oil which is used for medicinal purposes. Coriander seeds have a spherical shape and are used as a flavored spice. In addition, leaves and roots are the only edible parts of the parsley while seeds are used for oil extraction. On the other hand, all the parts of coriander (seeds, leaves, and roots) are edible.
Origin and Tree Biology of Parsley and Coriander
The country of origin and the biological characteristics between coriander and parsley exhibit a number of differences. Parsley has been known to originate from the Mediterranean region and the countries in the Middle East region. With respect to tree biology, parsley behaves differently in various regions. The plant grows annually in tropical and subtropical regions while it grows biennial in temperate areas. On the other hand, coriander is believed to have originated from western Asia and the southern European regions. It is worth noting that coriander is an annual plant, which means that it grows once per year.
Flavor and Appearance of Parsley and Coriander
Flavor and appearance are physical characteristics that can be used to show the difference between coriander and parsley. One can distinguish between the two plants by the fact that coriander is more pungent and is more flavored than parsley. On the other hand, the flavor of parsley can be described as mild and grassy. In terms of color and shape, coriander leaves have a deep green color with sharper serrations and rounded shapes. On the other hand, parsley leaves are bright green in color while at the same time exhibiting curly shapes.
Nutritional Value Of Parsley
The nutrients found in parsley include vitamin A, K, C, and E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, choline, folates, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, and copper. It is also a very good source of volatile compounds such as myristicin, limonene, eugenol, and alpha-thujene. Its leaves contain energy, carbohydrates, fats, and protein.
Nutritional Facts Of Parsley
|PRINCIPLE||NUTRIENT VALUE||PERCENTAGE OF RDA|
|Total Fat||0.8 g||3%|
|Dietary Fiber||3.3 g||8.5%|
|Pantothenic acid||0.400 mg||8%|
|Vitamin A||8424 IU||281%|
|Vitamin C||133 mg||220%|
|Vitamin E||0.75 mg||5%|
|Vitamin K||1640 µg||574%|
Amount Per 100 grams
- Calories 36
- Fat 0.8 g – 1% RDA
- Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
- Sodium 56 mg – 2% RDA
- Potassium 554 mg – 15% RDA
- Carbohydrate 6 g – 2% RDA
- Dietary fiber 3.3 g – 13% RDA
- Sugar 0.9 g
- Protein 3 g 6%
- Vitamin A 168% RDA
- Vitamin C 221% RDA
- Calcium 13% RDA
- Iron 34% RDA
- Vitamin B-6 5% RDA
- Magnesium 12% RDA
Contains Immune-Boosting Vitamin C
Parsley benefits your immune defenses due to its high levels of antioxidants, including vitamin C and vitamin A. Vitamin C helps to maintain a healthy gut environment, where much of the immune system is actually located. High intakes of vitamin C correlate with lower levels of inflammation and help prevent diseases like atherosclerosis (dangerous plaque build-up in the arteries), arthritis, colon cancer, diabetes and asthma.
Helps Protect Eye and Skin Health by Providing Vitamin A
Parsley nutrition is loaded with vitamin A, which includes two antioxidants — pro-vitamin A carotenoid and beta-carotene — used by the body and that can boost eye health. These antioxidants protect the retina and cornea from damage as someone ages, helping to prevent eye disorders like macular degeneration and cataracts. Vitamin A also fights signs of aging on the skin, protects eyes and skin from UV light damage, and may be able to help prevent skin cancer.
Good Source of Bone-Protecting Vitamin K
Parsley provides high levels of vitamin K, an essential nutrient for maintaining bone density, fighting bone breaks and fractures. It works together with the other bone-building nutrients in parsley — calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D and
Amazing Health Benefits of Parsley
1.Prevents Cancer Risk
Parsley has myricetin which is a flavonoid which help prevent skin cancer.Studies have shown that parsley and other green herbs and vegetables can block the cancer-causing effects of heterocyclic amines. Apigenin is a natural chemical found in parsley. In a 2015 review, it was shown to decrease tumor size in an aggressive form of breast cancer. Researchers believe that apigenin could be a promising non-toxic cancer treatment in the future.
2. Protects against diabetes
Parsley contains a flavonoid called myricetin, which can lower blood sugar levels and decrease insulin resistance. A research study conducted showed evidence that diabetic rats that were given parsley actually showed a decrease in their blood sugar levels over a period of a month. Traditionally, it was used as a medicine for diabetes in Turkey.
3. Strengthens the Bone
Parsleys contain vitamin K which improves bone health by improving calcium absorption and reducing the excretion of calcium in the urine.
4. Prevents Kidney Stone
There is some evidence that parsley can support healthy kidney function. While the herb contains oxalates, which can cause problems for those with existing kidney problems, a study published in Urology Journal found that ingesting parsley leaf and roots reduced the number of calcium oxalate deposits in animals. The researchers found that ingesting parsley helped break down kidney stones in animals.
5. Alleviates pain
Parsley has high levels of vitamin K, vitamin C, and beta-carotene, which heals bruises and reduces pain. For a home-made remedy for bruises, you can crush the fresh leaves, spread it over the afflicted area, and secure the salve with a bandage. Also, lactating women use the herbal leaves as a poultice to reduce breast tenderness.
The herb also helps reduce joint pain, fatigue, and has the ability to soften stiff muscles, because of the presence of a potent antioxidant, quercetin. It is especially good for people suffering from arthritis and joint problems. You can also use parsley juice to cure toothaches and earaches.
6. Skin Care
Palsey contains vitamin C which makes collagen, which gives skin its structure and strength. They also contain minerals like calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, and zinc – which are essential for maintaining healthy skin. Parsley contains beta-carotene, which is converted to vitamin A for proper maintenance and skin repair. Thus, eating parsley improves the skin’s elasticity, which delays wrinkles and speeds up the wound healing process.
7. Aids in digestion
Including parsley in your diet helps stimulate digestion because of its enzyme and fiber content. Enzymes help in better nutrient absorption and improve the digestion of proteins and fats in the body. The herb also helps cleanse the gastrointestinal tract and maintain overall health.
8. Improves Vision
Parsley is abundant in vitamin A, and antioxidants like carotenoid as well as beta-carotene, that helps boost eye health. It helps protect the retina from damage and prevents macular degeneration as well as cataracts. The nutrients in the herb also help reduce eye puffiness and dark circles.
9. Heart Health
Raw parsley contains folate which is involved in maintaining normal levels of the amino acid homocysteine, which is important given that elevated levels are associated with cardiovascular diseases.
10. Boosts Immunity
The vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants found in parsley are helpful for strengthening immunity and treating fever. Vitamins such as vitamin C, A, K, folate, and niacin, each act on different aspects of the immune system. Vitamin A acts directly on lymphocytes or white blood cells, thereby increasing their effect. The chlorophyll contained in it has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties as well. Studies have also shown that the herb contains antioxidant properties and antibacterial properties, making it an ideal source for various home remedies.
11. Rich Source of Antioxidants
Parsley contains several flavonoid antioxidants including luteolin, apigenin, lycopene, beta-carotene, and alpha-carotene. They protect the cells from free radical damage, which is responsible for many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular problems, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and eye disorders.
12. Treats Bloating (Edema)
The diuretic properties of parsley help treat bloating, edema, or water retention. If you are afflicted by this condition, a few teaspoons of its juice can provide some quick relief. Also, the juice is an excellent natural remedy as over-the-counter chemical diuretics can flush out potassium, causing harm to the body. The herb, with its rich potassium content, helps you avoid undesirable side effects of a mineral imbalance.
13. Weight Loss
Parsley is a nutrient-dense herb, which is low in calories. It helps boost metabolism, remove excess water from the body, and cleanse the kidneys and livers. This, in turn, keeps the body’s functioning at its optimal level and helps in weight loss.
14. Anti-inflammatory Properties
Parsley has traditionally been used in the Mediterranean region for toothaches, bruises, insect bites, and rough skin. According to studies, this medicinal herb displays anti-inflammatory and anti-hepatotoxicity properties. The anti-inflammatory properties reduce internal inflammations, while the anti-hepatotoxic properties help cleanse the liver.
Few herbs are as cleansing as parsley, which is packed with vitamins and potent flavonoids. It can detox the body from heavy metals as well as other toxins. Adding its roots to boiling water and drinking it on a daily basis is also known to be an effective general cleanser for the body. Also, parsley cilantro juice is widely used a detoxification drink.
16. Controls Rheumatoid Arthritis
Parsley has also been particularly effective against rheumatoid arthritis. Vitamin C and beta-carotene found in the herb possess anti-inflammatory properties that help in controlling arthritis and reducing arthritic pain. Consuming parsley juice or tea regularly is also believed to speed up the process of uric acid removal, which has been linked to symptoms of arthritis.
17. Treats Osteoporosis
Parsley, with its high levels of vitamins B-complex, C, and K, and calcium can help boost bone health. It helps prevent osteoporosis and maintain optimal bone health even as we age. The B vitamins also help reduce levels of homocysteine, an amino acid in the body, which can weaken bones.
18. Relieves Flatulence
Parsley helps relieve flatulence and colic, due to its carminative action. The root, the herb, as well as the essential oil, can boost bile production and gastric juices. This gives a much-needed boost to the digestion process and cures gas, constipation, bloating, indigestion, and nausea. The essential oil can also be applied to the stomach area for relief from cramps.
19. Treats Acid Reflux (GERD)
Parsley has been used as a natural remedy for acid reflux since it settles the stomach and aids in digestion.
20. Improves Brain Health
Apigenin, a potent flavone in parsley, improves neuron formation and enhances brain functions such as memory and learning. This plant compound is being researched for its ability to treat neurodegenerative diseases like schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease. The herbal extract is known to increase cognitive performance as well as improve alertness and memory.
21. Antibacterial & Anti-fungal Properties
Parsley has enzymes that are antibacterial and anti-fungal in nature. It has an inhibitory effect against the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause boils, skin infections, cellulitis, and severe conditions like pneumonia and meningitis.
22. Cures Anemia
The high concentration of iron in parsley helps treat anemia, which is caused by iron deficiency. Vitamin C in the herb aids in better absorption of iron. People who have a hard time taking iron supplements are often told to have its juice or tea.
23. Treats Bad Breath
Chewing a few sprigs of parsley helps fight bad breath or halitosis. The herb’s fresh flavor and high chlorophyll content help freshen the breath temporarily. This is probably why it has been used, since ancient times, as a natural mouth freshener.
24. Balances Hormones
Parsley helps improve the hormonal balance in women, enhances their libido, and boosts the secretion of the estrogen hormone. Intake of the herb helps treat hormonal disorders like premenstrual syndrome, menopause, or delayed menstruation cycle. Furthermore, parsley tea helps reduce menstrual cramps and discomfort.
25. Hair Care
The paste made from powdered seeds of parsley has long been used as a natural remedy for hair lice, dandruff, and scalp irritation. It also helps strengthen weak hair, promote healthy hair growth, and stops hair fall. The nutrients in this powerful herb can help increase keratin and collagen production, which protects the hair from free radical damage. Also, a parsley rinse can help retain hair color since it has high levels of copper.
26. Fights Arthritis
The tiny plant has been evaluated for its ability to fight arthritis. In fact, a study was published in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases that included 20, 000 subjects. Those who had higher intake of vitamin C were less likely to be afflicted by arthritis. Parsley is abundant in vitamin C, reducing inflammation and oxidation damage to joints.
27. Whitens Skin and Gives Clearer Complexion
Glutathione is among the most important antioxidants. Booking weekly sessions of glutathione IV drip or glutathione push treatments are very popular in Asia. Men and women undergo these type of treatments to achieve a “whiter” and clearer complexion. If you are young and you care about your appearance, you can whiten your skin by simply integrating parsley into your meals. Myristicin in parsley activates the production of glutathione.
Parsley can also help reduce acne. Vitamin C inhibits inflammation while vitamin K speeds up skin healing and lessens redness. It may also help diminish acne blemishes over time.
28. Supports Gland Health
Parsley plays a role in gland health too. Studies show that it has a remarkable ability to reduce swollen and enlarged glands. It can also expel watery poisons and excess mucoid matter. The herb can also calm adrenal glands. And according to another Egyptian study, the root of parsley contains calcium, iron, and B-complex vitamins – all of which nourish the parathyroid glands.
29. Rejuvenates Blood Vessels
Studies show that parsley juice can soothe the blood vessels, particularly the arterioles and capillaries. However, there is little research on this. Do consult your doctor for more information.
30. Treats Diarrhea
The leaves, seeds, and even the roots of the parsley plant are known for being powerful relievers of diarrhea. Certain studies say that drinking parsley as tea can work better for treating diarrhea. The tea enhances the digestion of fats and proteins and even improves intestinal absorption.
31. Regulates Cholesterol Levels
One reason parsley works great in regulating cholesterol levels is its fiber content. Studies show that aqueous extracts of parsley possess hypocholesterolemic properties, which can be attributed to the flavonoids the herb contains. Flavonoids decrease the biosynthesis of cholesterol and help lower blood cholesterol levels as a consequence.
32. Improves Ear Health
Parsley is one of the herbs that can help clear inner ear fluid. As parsley naturally moves mucous throughout the body, it can help the fluid flow out of the ear more effectively. Drinking raw parsley juice can offer the beneficial effects. But consult your doctor first as the juice was found to cause an upset stomach in some people.
33. Treats Menstrual Problems
The two volatile oils in parsley, apiol and myristicin, are responsible for its emmenagogue effects. Though there is no strong evidence that says if parsley can stimulate menstrual flow, one study of a Russian drug containing 85% parsley juice states that it could be used for inducing labor. However, numerous herbalists and practitioners of alternative medicine use parsley for treating menstrual issues.
34. Treats Night Blindness
Night blindness is caused by a deficiency in vitamin A, and parsley, being rich in this vitamin, can aid in the treatment of the condition. According to the University of Rochester Medical Center, retinol, which is a metabolite of vitamin A, combines with opsin to form rhodopsin. Opsin is a pigment in the eye retina and rhodopsin is a chemical involved in night vision.
35. Improves Oral Health
Though more research is required, certain studies have shown that parsley can help reduce bad breath through a process called enzymatic deodorization. Another set of studies says that parsley might be a temporary cure for bad breath, but it may not offer a permanent solution.
More interestingly, bad breath is also caused by a number of intestinal disorders. Some of these include systemic diseases like gastrointestinal or upper respiratory tract disorders and microbial metabolism from your tongue – and parsley might help treat a number of these conditions, indirectly improving bad breath too.
36. Reduces Wrinkles, Fine Lines, And Scars
Since vitamin C is not naturally present in the body, we need to consume it in sufficient amounts through food. The high amount of vitamin C in parsley nourishes the skin from within to reduce fine lines, wrinkles, and scars. Consuming parsley stimulates the production of collagen in the skin and promotes cell reproduction and repair. This leads to faster growth of new skin, which results in blemish-free, even, and smooth skin – and more importantly, elimination of wrinkles and fine lines. Parsley also contains a high amount of antioxidants, which protect our skin from free radical damage and delay the signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles.
37. Improves Wound Healing
Parsley contains beta-carotene, which is converted to vitamin A for proper maintenance and skin repair. Thus, eating parsley improves the skin’s elasticity, which delays wrinkles and speeds up the wound healing process.
38. Erases Under-Eye Dark Circles
Parsley works wonders to erase under-eye dark circles. It contains a high amount of vitamin C, chlorophyll, and vitamin K, which help to lighten the skin under the eyes and even reduce puffiness. Using parsley for this remedy is quite simple.
Just squish a handful of parsley to release its juice. Mix with a teaspoon of yogurt and apply the mixture to the regions under your eyes. You can even soak cotton balls in parsley juice and keep them under the eyes for 10 minutes. Do this twice a week to reduce dark circles.
39. Provides Antibacterial And Anti-fungal Protection To Skin
The volatile oils in parsley, eugenol particularly, provide antibacterial and antifungal effects that are useful for treating acne, pimples, and skin infection and disinfecting pores. Parsley oil is easily available in the market. Never apply parsley oil directly to the face as it can burn the skin. Dilute it with a carrier oil like olive or almond oil and then apply it to the face. Leave it on for 30 minutes and then rinse off.
40. Offers Clear And Glowing Skin
Consuming parsley abundantly helps to balance excess sebum secretion in oily skin. It further helps to clear the pores, which might otherwise lead to acne outbreaks. The zinc in parsley controls skin inflammation and promotes skin regeneration. It also reduces redness and diminishes acne blemishes. You can also prepare a parsley toner to get glowing skin.
Take a bundle of parsley leaves and mash them using a fork to extract the juice. Add distilled boiling water to it and leave it aside to let it cool. Now, add one tablespoon of lemon juice, three drops of tea tree oil, and three drops of rosemary essential oil to it. You can even store it in the refrigerator. When required, dip a cotton ball in the toner and apply it to the face in circular motion. This toner is highly clarifying. It helps to balance the pH levels of the skin and kill acne-causing bacteria. It will also treat oily skin and skin inflammation.
41. Improves Overall Skin Health
Parsley contains minerals like calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, and zinc – which are essential for maintaining healthy skin. Extract the juice from the leaves and mix it with 200 ml of water. Drink this concoction daily to get healthy skin.
42. Prevents Acne And Zits
Individuals with combination and oily skin types can prepare this homemade toner to prevent acne and zits. Take some parsley in a bowl and mash it using a spoon or fork. Add two teaspoons of honey to it and mix it thoroughly till the honey turns green. Apply it to the face and wash it off after 10 minutes. Follow it up with a moisturizer of your choice. Both honey and parsley contain antibacterial properties that treat pimples and keep the skin smooth and nourished. Use fresh parsley leaves instead of dried parsley for preparing this pack.
43. Can Be Used As A Homemade Facial Treatment
You can also use dried parsley as a facial treatment. Take a spoonful of dried parsley leaves and add them to 200 ml of water. Boil for at least 20 minutes. Remove from the stove and let the mixture cool to room temperature. You can use this water to rinse your face once or twice a day. Prepare a fresh rinse daily to obtain maximum benefits.
44. Prevents Dark Spots And Skin Discoloration
Parsley is beneficial in reducing the appearance of dark spots and skin discoloration. A face pack containing parsley, honey, and lemon juice can effectively erase dark spots and treat skin discoloration.
Take one medium-sized bundle of parsley leaves and soak it in warm water. Chop finely and then crush in a mortar. Add one teaspoon of lemon juice and one tablespoon of raw honey and mash well. Cleanse your skin with a gentle cleanser and then apply this pack to the face, focusing on the blackheads. Leave it on for 20 minutes and then rinse. This face pack will refresh and revitalize the skin.
45. Acts As An Effective Cleanser
Blend a handful of parsley leaves with yogurt. Grind thoroughly to form a smooth paste. Add one teaspoon of oatmeal and a few drops of tea tree oil. Apply the mask on a clean face and neck and leave it on for 15 minutes. Wash it off and pat dry. Apply this face pack thrice a week to remove dead skin cells and accumulated dirt from the face.
46. Soothes Irritated Skin
Rub dried or fresh parsley leaves on irritated skin or insect bites to soothe skin irritation. When dealing with boils, boil parsley leaf in water and apply it on the affected areas for a few hours. It also helps to fade freckles and spots. Application of parsley seed oil can help to heal bruises.
47. Controls Hair Loss
Parsley is rich in other important nutrients that address a number of nutritional deficiencies that lead to hair loss or weak hair. Parsley has been traditionally used as a hair tonic to disinfect the scalp and control hair loss. It contains apigenin, an antioxidant flavonoid that controls hair fall through the regulation of TGF-beta1 gene. Puree a handful of parsley sprigs and add 100 ml of water to it. Apply this tonic to wet scalp, wrap your hair in a towel and allow it to sit for an hour. Wash it off with shampoo.
48. Helps Maintain Natural Hair Color
Parsley contains a high amount of copper, which helps to retain the hair’s natural color. It can be applied topically or can be added in large amounts to your diet.
49. Promotes Hair Growth
Parsley is highly beneficial in promoting hair growth. Rub powdered parsley seeds on the scalp and massage your scalp gently with it. This will stimulate scalp circulation and promote hair growth. Repeat this method twice a week for two months to get long and straight hair.
50. Helps Treat Dandruff
Wash your hair with an infusion of parsley leaves to get rid of dandruff.
How to Buy Parsley
Parsley can be grown in cooler climates, or in subtropical warmer climates, but it does best when planted in moist soil that gets a lot of sunshine. You can normally find parsley year-round, as it’s cultivated in many different areas of the world with varied climates and tends to grow in large quantities pretty easily. In the U.S, parsley is usually available in spring and summer months at your local farmer’s market.
Look for parsley that is bright green and doesn’t have noticeable wilting or brown spots. There are two main types of parsley plants used as herbs in recipes:
- Curly-leaf parsley
- Italian, or flat-leaf parsley
Flat-leaf Italian parsley is more closely related to the wild parsley species that was first grown in the Mediterranean. Compared to curly parsley, it also has a stronger flavor and is easier to grow. However, some people prefer curly-leaf parsley because of its decorative appearance when it’s used on top of recipes. Both types taste very similar to someone who is not extremely familiar with them, and both offer similar health benefits.
Although it’s not seen very much in the U.S, there is another type of parsley: Hamburg root parsley, which looks similar to its relative the parsnip. This root vegetable plant is grown and used in parts of the world like the Middle East. Root parsley is used in some European cuisines, where it’s added to dishes like soups and stews, or eaten raw.
You can store parsley for usually up to one week. Prolong its freshness by first drying it and then wrapping it in a damp paper towel and putting it inside of a plastic bag in your refrigerator. It’s better not to wash parsley until you are going to use it; this way it doesn’t wilt and go bad quickly. Once you’re ready to use it, give it a good wash or add it to a bowl of cold water and swish it around for a minute to get any dirt off.
How to Use Parsley?
- Garnish: Fresh parsley is a fragile and mild leaf that can be added to any dish as a garnish, such as pasta.
- Soups & salads: It can be added to soups and salads, such as tomato soups and sauces, before serving for added flavor and aroma.
- Parsley juice: It can be made into a juice or added to your favorite fruit or vegetable juices.
- Fresh and dried parsley can both be used for adding flavor to various food preparations.
Cooking with Parsley
There are endless ways to incorporate parsley into your diet in order to take advantage of all of these parsley benefits. Parsley is used in soups, stews, pasta dishes, spreads, marinades, dips or added to salads and smoothies. Parsley’s “fresh” taste is said to go well with the flavors of potatoes, rice, fish, chicken, lamb, goose, grass-fed beef and almost every type of vegetable.
Curly-leaf parsley is often used as a garnish to finish dishes with a fresh, herby taste. In Europe, parts of the Middle East and in western Asia, many dishes are served with fresh chopped parsley sprinkled on top. Others dishes are made using larger quantities of chopped, blended or cooked parsley, such as tabbouleh, a traditional Middle Eastern side dish that uses parsley as one of the main ingredients along with bulgur wheat and vegetables.
All over the world, parsley is the star ingredient in many dishes. In France, it’s used in persillade, a mixture of chopped garlic and chopped parsley. In Italy, parsley appears in salsa verde, a mix of parsley, capers, anchovies, garlic and vinegar.In England, it’s blended into a roux-based sauce that is commonly served over fish. In Brazil, parsley goes into cheiro-verde, a key seasoning for major Brazilian dishes. Meanwhile, across Europe, it stars in gremolata, a mixture of parsley, garlic and lemon zest.
Almond-Crusted Salmon Recipe
Total Time: 20 minutes
- ½ cup almonds
- 2 tablespoons parsley
- 1 tablespoon grated organic lemon zest
- 1 teaspoon sea salt and ground black pepper
- 4 wild-caught Alaskan salmon fillets
- 2 tablespoons coconut oil
- 4 cups spinach
- Grind the almonds in a coffee grinder or food processor.
- Mix almond powder, parsley, lemon zest, salt and pepper on a plate.
- Dredge the salmon on both sides through the almond mixture.
- Heat the oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add salmon and cook for 5 minutes on each side, until cooked throughout.
- Serve over bed of greens and top with fresh lemon juice.
Garden Frittata Recipe
Total Time: 45 minutes
- 3 tablespoons coconut oil
- 1 medium onion, chopped
- 1 small zucchini, chopped
- 1 small yellow squash, chopped
- 1/2 cup cherry tomatoes, cut in half
- 1 medium-sized red pepper, chopped
- 1 teaspoon sea salt
- 1/4teaspoon black pepper
- 1 teaspoon garlic powder
- 8 eggs, beaten
- 1/2 cup grated, raw cheese
- 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
- 2 tablespoons chopped fresh basil
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.
- In a medium oven-proof skillet, sauté the onions in the coconut oil until soft and transparent. Add chopped vegetables. Sauté until they start to soften.
- In a separate bowl, combine eggs, salt, pepper, cheese, parsley and basil and stir well.
- Pour egg mixture over the vegetables in the skillet. Bake in oven for 35 minutes.
Mango-Walnut Spinach Salad Recipe
Total Time: 10 minutes
- 1/2 pound baby spinach
- 2 cups baby kale
- 1 pound mixed spring salad mix
- 1 small red onion, sliced thin
- 2 mangos, peeled, seeded and cut into strips
- 1 cup fresh blackberries
- 1/2 cup rough chopped walnuts, toasted
- 2 ripe mangoes, peeled, seeded and puréed in blender to make 1/3 cup
- 2 tablespoons fresh squeezed orange juice
- 1 tablespoon fresh squeezed lime juice
- 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
- 2 cloves garlic, minced
- 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
- 1 tablespoon honey
- 1 teaspoon sea salt
- 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley
- Toast walnuts in a small skillet over medium/high heat for 3-4 minutes until lightly browned. Place cooled walnuts and first 7 ingredients listed in salad bowl.
- Purée mango and measure 1/3 cup. Add the last 9 ingredients listed (including mango) except chopped parsley to blender and blend until well mixed.
- Pour dressing into a bowl and add parsley.
- Drizzle dressing over salad and serve.
Parsley tea is able to detoxify the body, stimulate the immune system, improve vision, protect against chronic disease, prevent tumor formation, aid heart health, lower inflammation, freshen your breath, shield against asthma, regulate menstruation and lower risk of birth defects. This powerful tea should not be used by everyone, particularly pregnant women, those with pre-existing kidney disorders, and people using blood-thinning medications.
What is Parsley Tea?
Scientifically known as Petroselinum crispum, the parsley plant is an easily recognized and widely used plant, often as a garnish, but more and more for its impressive medicinal benefits. The two variants you have likely seen are curly and Italian parsley, both of which have similar chemical makeups and medicinal applications. The diverse blend of minerals and volatile compounds found in parsley provide its powerful impact on human health, which is why parsley tea is becoming such a popular natural remedy!
Parsley Tea Health Benefits
The health benefits of parsley tea include anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-cancer, antioxidant, stimulant, antispasmodic, relaxant, and detoxifying properties. These benefits are derived from the wide range of minerals, nutrients and antioxidants in this tea, such as iron, vitamin A, B, and C, as well as eugenol, limonene, apigenin, luteolin, and other active compounds.
Treats Respiratory Distress
This herbal tea is often recommended for people suffering from asthma or other respiratory conditions. Beta-carotene has directly been linked to lowering asthma risk, while the other infection-fighting compounds in the tea help loosen phlegm and mucus, and neutralize the underlying bacterial infection that may be causing the congestion.
Myristicin is one of the volatile compounds found in parsley oil, which is released in small quantities while brewing parsley tea. This antioxidant has been directly linked to the prevention of tumor formation, specifically in the lungs, where cancer occurs very frequently.
Lowers Cancer Risk
Aside from its anti-tumor properties, parsley tea also benefits from a range of flavonoids and other chemo-protective compounds that can neutralize carcinogens before they can do damage to tissues and stimulate apoptosis or cell death in healthy cells. This can significantly lower your risk of cancer, in conjunction with the other antioxidants found in this tea.
Potent concentrations of vitamin C and vitamin A in this tea make it a masterful immune booster. Vitamin C can stimulate the production of white blood cells and act as an antioxidant to counter the cancer-causing effects of free radicals, while protecting the body against a number of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Being rich in iron, parsley tea is an excellent way to improve circulation in the body and prevent “weak blood”, also known as anemia. Iron is a critical part of red blood cell production, which can help bring oxygenated blood to cells that need nutrients and oxygen for repair and function. The high calcium level in parsley tea also helps the body better uptake iron, further helping circulatory problems.
Parsley tea is high in folic acid, a critical B-family vitamin that is proven to reduce the likelihood of neural tube defects in infants. Folic acid is also the main compound that neutralizes homocysteine in the body, a compound that can do damage to the blood vessels and increase the risk of heart disease.
Vitamin A is a key nutrient for our overall health, and it also functions as an antioxidant, particularly in relation to vision health. Vitamin A is derived from beta-carotene found in parsley and can prevent oxidative stress in the eyes, lowering your risk of developing cataracts and preventing macular degeneration.
Parsley tea is known as a diuretic substance, meaning that it can stimulate urination and the general cleansing of the bladder and kidneys. Diuretics help the body to rapidly eliminate excess toxins, fats, salts, and water and reduce the strain on the kidneys. Parsley tea is linked by numerous studies to lower occurrence of bladder infections and kidney stones.
Dysmenorrhea affects women all over the world, along with a number of other menstrual symptoms. Parsley tea is commonly used to mitigate the effects of menstruation, due to the presence of apiol, one of the compounds in parsley’s essential oils. Apiol can help to regulate monthly periods and lessen their severity, particularly in the months after a woman gives birth.
Famously, parsley is used to freshen the breath and does have certain antibacterial properties that make it great for oral health. There is a reason why parsley is so often used as a garnish in restaurants; parsley tea can offer the same benefits to your breath!
How To Make Parsley Tea With Fresh Parsley
- 250 ml of purified water
- ¼ cup of fresh parsley leaves
- Bring the purified water to a boil using a tea kettle.
- Rinse the fresh parsley leaves under cool, running water.
- Steep the leaves in the boiling water for about 10 minutes.
- Strain the leaves and enjoy.
How To Store Parsley
It is very important to store parsley properly. Otherwise, the herb can become slippery and wilted. Do not store parsley under direct sunlight as it can dry its leaves. Wash the leaves under running water thoroughly to remove pesticide residue, dirt, and yellow leaves. Repeat the washing process again and then shake excess water off the leaves. Lay them on a kitchen towel and gently dab them to remove the remaining water. Place the leaves in a ziplock or plastic bag and store it in the refrigerator. This will keep the leaves crisp, and they will easily last for 10 days. Whenever you require it, just open the bundle, take out the parsley you need and then rewrap it and keep it in the refrigerator.
You can also keep it immersed in water in the refrigerator to keep it fresh for a longer period. All you need to do is cut off the small section of the parsley stem. Take a glass of water and place the leaves in the water with the leaves standing upwards. Do not wash the parsley leaves before immersing them in the water. Replace the water every 2 to 3 days to prevent bacterial growth.
Wash the parsley thoroughly before using it every time. Place it in water for a while to allow the sand and dirt to dislodge. Remove the leaves from the bowl and then wash them with clean water. Parsley can be stored for around two weeks in the refrigerator.
Facts About Parsley
The ancient Romans loved parsley so much that no salad was ever served without it.
The ancient Greeks believed parsley sprung from the blood of Archemorus, a hero who, according to legend, was killed by a dragon.
In the ancient times, corpses were sprinkled with parsley to eliminate the stench.
Parsley arrived on the British shores in the 16th
Since parsley is difficult to grow, it was believed that the herb could be grown only by witches or the evil.
Where To Buy Parsley?
You can find parsley in your nearest supermarket. Look for the crisp and dark green variety.
Parsley is a biennial plant with bright green, feather-like leaves and is in the same family as dill. Here’s how to grow parsley in your own garden. This popular herb is used in sauces, salads, and especially soups, as it lessens the need for salt. Not only is parsley the perfect garnish, it’s also good for you; it’s rich in iron and vitamins A and C.
- For a head start, plant seeds in individual pots indoors 10 to 12 weeks before the last spring frost. For better germination, you can soak the seeds overnight.
- Plant the seeds 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost because parsley is a slow starter. (The plants can handle the cold weather.) It can take up to 3 weeks for the plants to sprout.
- Plant the seeds in moist, rich soil about 6 to 8 inches apart. For thinner plants, plant about 6 to 10 inches apart.
- Try to pick an area that is weed-free; that way, you’ll be able to see the parsley sprouting after about 3 weeks.
- You can use a fluorescent light to help the seedlings grow. Make sure it remains at least two inches above the leaves at all times.
- To ensure the best growth, the soil should be around 70ºF.
- Plant parsley near asparagus, corn, and tomatoes in your garden.
Be sure to water the seeds often while they germinate so that they don’t dry out.
Throughout the summer, be sure to water the plants evenly.
- Stem rot
- Leaf spots
- Black swallowtail larvae
- Carrot fly and celery fly larvae
- When the leaf stems have three segments, parsley is ready to be harvested.
- Cut leaves from the outer portions of the plant whenever you need them. Leave the inner portions of the plant to mature.
- One method of storing the parsley fresh is to put the leaf stalks in water and keep them in the refrigerator.
- Another method of storage is drying the parsley. Cut the parsley at the base and hang it in a well-ventilated, shady, and warm place. Once it’s completely dry, crumble it up and store it in an airtight container.
- If you want fresh parsley throughout the winter, replant a parsley plant in a pot and keep it in a sunny window.
- Flat-leaf varieties: Use in cooking because they have better flavor and are easier to work with than curly-leaf parsley
- Curly-leaf varieties: Use when you want a fancier garnish
Negative Effects Parsley
Parsley can have side effects if consumed in excess. Following are the side effects. Consumption of the herb, especially in large quantities, may have side effects and disadvantages. Some of them include the following:
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Avoid excess intake during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Excess intake may induce uterine contractions during pregnancy.
- Oxalate over-consumption: It has a high quantity of oxalates, which can be particularly problematic for people who suffer from kidney stones or gout.
- Rash and other allergies: It may make the skin extra sensitive to the sun and lead to a rash.
Applying parsley seed oil to the skin can make it sensitive to the sun and cause rashes – in certain individuals. Hence, check with your doctor before use.
Issues Regarding Pregnancy And Breastfeeding
Though safe in normal amounts, excess intake of parsley during pregnancy or breastfeeding can cause complications.
High Blood Pressure
In certain cases, parsley might hold on to excess sodium in the body and elevate blood pressure levels. Hence, practice caution and consult your doctor if you have problems with blood pressure.
Though parsley does improve kidney health, certain studies show it can worsen the condition. Talk to your doctor.
Interactions During Surgery
Parsley might lower blood glucose levels and interfere with blood sugar control during surgery. Stop use at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.