Queen Elizabeth II


Quick Facts

Reign 6 February 1952 –8 September 2022
Coronation 2 June 1953
Predecessor George VI
Successor Charles III
Born Princess Elizabeth of York21 April 1926Mayfair, London, United Kingdom
Died 8 September 2022 (aged 96)Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Spouse
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
​(m. 1947; died 2021)
Issue Details
  • Charles III
  • Anne, Princess Royal
  • Prince Andrew, Duke of York
  • Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
House Windsor
Father George VI
Mother Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Signature Elizabeth II's signature
Net Worth $500 million

From February 6, 1952, until September 8, 2022, Elizabeth II, whose full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, reigned as monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. She was also the Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, and Queen of her various realms and territories.

Queen Elizabeth II passed away at Balmoral Castle in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on April 21, 1926, her birthday and also was born in London, England. She surpassed Victoria in 2015 to hold the title of longest-reigning monarch in British history.

Cause of Death

Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-reigning queen in British history, passed away on Thursday at her vacation home in Scotland’s Balmoral Castle. She overcame difficulties brought on by the love choices, mistakes, and scandals of her successors during her well acclaimed seven-decade rule as well as tectonic shifts in her nation’s post-imperial society. She was 96.

Honorable Condolence of Queen Elizabeth II death at the age of 96(Source: Business insider)

According to the royal family’s official statement about her death, she “died quietly.” The cause was not mentioned in the announcement. Charles, her eldest child, succeeded his mother as King Charles III. In a statement, he said:

“Everyone in my family, including myself, is profoundly devastated by the loss of my cherished mother, Her Majesty the Queen.

We mourn the passing of a cherished Mother and cherished Sovereign. I have no doubt that her demise will have a profound impact on the country, the Realms, the Commonwealth, as well as a sizable portion of the global population.

Age & Birth Information

Elizabeth was the older daughter of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and Prince Albert, duke of York. Elizabeth had little prospect of inheriting the throne because she was the daughter of King George V’s younger son, Edward VIII, until her uncle abdicated on December 11, 1936, making her father King George VI and her the assumed heir. The princess’s education was directed by her mother, who put her girls in the hands of a governess named Marion Crawford.

Childhood Image of Elizabeth II(Source: DK Find Out!.)

The princess also received a foundation in history from C.H.K. Marten, who would later go on to become the provost of Eton College, as well as training in music and foreign languages from visiting lecturers. During World War II, she and her sister, Princess Margaret Rose, were taken away from their parents and sent to live in Balmoral Castle in Scotland, the Royal Lodge in Windsor, and Windsor Castle for the most of the period.

Who will succeed Queen Elizabeth II as the next monarch of Britain?

After the queen passed away, her 73-year-old son Charles is now in charge of Britain. Charles and Camilla, the queen consort, will stay the night at Balmoral before leaving for London on Friday, according to the palace.

The legislation governing the British monarchy states that “a new sovereign succeeds to the throne as soon as his or her predecessor dies.”

Late Queen Elizabeth II’s oldest son Charles III will be the next king of Britain(Source: Google)

Charles, Queen Elizabeth II’s oldest son, succeeded to the throne as a result of her death. But it might take weeks, months, or perhaps longer before Charles is legally crowned. 16 months after her accession to the throne on February 6, 1952, the day her father, King George VI, passed away, Elizabeth was crowned on June 2, 1953. He will speak with Prime Minister Liz Truss, according to CNBC, and record a television address that will be broadcast to the country on Friday.

Biography

Together with the monarch and queen, Princess Elizabeth visited South Africa at the beginning of 1947. Following her return, information of her engagement to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten of the Royal Navy, a distant cousin of Denmark and Prince Philip of Greece, became public. The wedding took place in Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947.

Queen Elizabeth II(Source: Harper’s Bazaar)

On the night before the wedding, her father, the monarch, bestowed upon the groom the titles of duke of Edinburgh, earl of Merioneth, and baron Greenwich. They settled in at Clarence House in London. Prince Charles (Charles Philip Arthur George) was born there on November 14, 1948.

Throne-related events

In the summer of 1951, King George VI’s health started to rapidly worsen. As a result, Princess Elizabeth took his place during formal events like the Trooping of the Colour. She and the duke embarked for a tour of Australia and New Zealand in January 1952 after spending Christmas in England. However, news of the king’s dying on February 6, 1952, reached them while they were traveling, in Sagana, Kenya. Later, they reached their objective.

Elizabeth II (right) and Catherine, duchess of Cambridge, visiting Leicester, England, at the start of the queen’s “Diamond Jubilee” tour of the United Kingdom, 2012.(Source: Getty Image)

Elizabeth, who was now queen, quickly boarded a plane for England. She largely lived by herself for the first three months of her reign, which served as a period of total sorrow for her father. Nevertheless, she began carrying out her royal duties in the summer, and on November 4, 1952, after relocating from Clarence House to Buckingham Palace, she gave her first state opening of Parliament. She received the crown at Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953.

Queen Elizabeth II,

The queen and the duke of Edinburgh set out on a six-month journey through the Commonwealth in November 1953. During this trip, a reigning British monarch made the first visits to Australia and New Zealand. After making state visits to many European nations in 1957, she and the duke went to Canada and the US.

She was the first reigning British monarch to travel to South America and the countries of the Persian Gulf, and she made the first royal British trip to the Indian subcontinent in fifty years in 1968 and 1961, respectively (in 1979). Then, in 1977, for her “Silver Jubilee,” she undertook extended excursions throughout Great Britain and Northern Ireland, presided over a banquet in London attended by the 36 Commonwealth leaders, and went to the South Pacific and Australia, Canada, and the Caribbean.

Elizabeth II with (from left) Princess Anne, Prince Philip, Prince Andrew, and Prince Charles.(Source: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc)

At the time of Queen Elizabeth’s coronation, Prince Charles, who had been named prince of Wales on July 26, 1958, and invested with that title on July 1, 1969, was the heir presumptive. Born on February 19, 1960, Prince Andrew (Andrew Albert Christian Edward) was made Duke of York in 1986.

Edward Anthony Richard Louis, the Prince Edward, was born on March 10th, 1964. Princess Anne (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise), born on August 15, 1950, and made earl of Wessex and Viscount Severn in 1999. Princess Anne was also made princess royal in 1987. Elizabeth’s first grandchild, Princess Anne’s son, was born on November 15, 1977.

Net worth & Source of Income

With an estimated net worth of $500 million, the Queen is among the wealthiest persons on the planet. Elizabeth II is the daughter and granddaughter of English kings, hence the majority of this fortune has been accumulated through inheritance. However, the Queen Elizabeth II has also made clever investments throughout the years that have added to her income.

current monarchy

When she allowed, the monarch showed signs of growing awareness of the monarchy’s role in modern society. As an illustration, consider the formal dissolution of her sister’s marriage in 1978 and the 1970 telecast of the royal family’s private lives. But the 1990s were a difficult decade for the royal family. In 1992, which Elizabeth referred to as the royal family’s “annus horribilis,” Prince Charles and his wife, Diana, princess of Wales, as well as Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah, duchess of York, separated.

Queen Elizabeth II greeting children at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center during a visit to the United States, May 2007(Source: NASA/Bill Ingalls)

Anne also got divorced, and a fire devastated Windsor Castle, the royal palace. In 1992, Elizabeth consented to pay taxes on her personal income while being free from paying taxes on the royal family’s luxury as a result of growing public discontent with the royal family’s lifestyle during the country’s economic downturn. The separation and eventual divorce of Charles and Diana further eroded public support for the royal family, which some perceived as outdated and uncaring (in 1996).

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2002 marked Queen Elizabeth II’s 50th year as ruler,

The criticism escalated after Diana’s demise in 1997, particularly after Elizabeth initially refused to allow the national flag to fly at half-staff above Buckingham Palace. In keeping with her earlier efforts to modernize the monarchy, the queen then sought to convey a less stuffy and conventional image of the monarchy. These initiatives were successful in varied degrees.

Queen Elizabeth II attending the Trooping the Colour ceremony, London, 2005.(Source: Shutterstock.com)

In 2002, Elizabeth celebrated her 50th year as monarch. Throughout the Commonwealth, celebrations for her “Golden Jubilee” were staged, with many days of festivities taking place in London. The celebrations were slightly tempered by the loss of Elizabeth’s mother and sister earlier in the year.

In April 2011, Elizabeth presided over the family’s celebration of Prince William of Wales and Catherine Middleton’s marriage. William is the eldest son of Charles and Diana. The next month, she passed George III to become the second-longest reigning monarch in British history, passing Victoria.

Bio of Queen Elizabeth II

The first British monarch to visit Ireland since 1911 and the first to visit the Irish republic, Elizabeth made a historic trip to Ireland in May. 2012 saw celebrations for Elizabeth’s “Diamond Jubilee,” which honored 60 years of the monarchy. On September 9, 2015, she surpassed Victoria’s record reign of 63 years and 216 days.

In August 2017, Prince Philip formally retired from public life. He nevertheless occasionally still showed up at official gatherings. During this time, Elizabeth began to reduce the number of engagements she accepted on behalf of the government, handing over some duties to Prince Charles and other senior royals.

When Prince Harry, duke of Sussex, and his wife, Meghan, duchess of Sussex, controversially agreed to abandon their royal positions in March 2020, the pool of stand-ins, however, decreased.

The Crown, a 2016 Netflix television series about the Windsors, was very well-liked at this time. It raised curiosity in the monarch and the royal family.

Due to social-distancing policies put in place as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Philip’s funeral was held in St. George’s Chapel (at Windsor Castle). At the time of their 50th wedding anniversary, Elizabeth had said of Philip. In 1997: “He has, quite simply, been my strength and stay all these years.”

Queen Elizabeth II- The Platinum Jubilee

In honor of her 70 years as monarch, a four-day national holiday called the “Platinum Jubilee” was held in June 2022. But it also included a service of thanksgiving at St. Paul’s Cathedral, the Trooping the Colour ceremony. He is performing at Buckingham Palace’s pop music concert. And a pageant to commemorate the queen’s reign that included street theater, music, a circus, a carnival, and costumes.

In September, the queen defied convention again when she chose to install Liz Truss as prime minister at Balmoral. Due to health issues, she had previously formally chosen more than a dozen prime ministers.

She developed a love for horses and raised racehorses in her spare time. Additionally, she frequently went to races and sporadically visited US stud farms in Kentucky.